This blog highlights the memorials of Acadia National Park. Some of the memorials commemorate people who helped establish the Park. Others honor people who cherished this beautiful area. The blog also presents historical aspects of Acadia NP.
No part of this blog may be reproduced without the author's permission.
Monday, April 15, 2013
The Satterlee Window
During my research of J.P. Morgan's 1910 purchase of
Great Head and Sand Beach on Mount Desert Island, ME for his daughter Louisa Morgan Satterlee, I learned
there was a Tiffany stained glass window depicting Great Head above the altar
of the Episcopal Church of the Holy Innocents .*1
Church of the Holy Innocents
Holy Innocents is located in Highland Falls, NY.
Church construction started in 1842. Robert Walter Weir, an artist of the
Hudson River School and a 42-year professor of art at the U.S. Military Academy,
West Point, provided the design and financing.*2
Among its parishioners were the Morgan, Satterlee
and Tracy families. [Recap: J.P. Morgan married Frances Tracy; their daughter
Louisa married Herbert Satterlee.] Morgan had bought a nearby summer home,
"Cragston," overlooking the Hudson River, in 1871. He served the
church as a vestryman and warden and provided financial support, including the
building of a new rectory in 1897.
Window in Chancel
The Louis Comfort Tiffany-signed window, entitled
"Creation," was installed in the church's chancel in 1922. It was the
gift of Louisa in memory of her father. It states the opening to the Benedicite
hymn of praise: "O all ye works of the Lord, bless ye the Lord: praise him
and magnify him forever." It depicts massive Great Head and the sun rising
above the ocean's horizon.
Closeup of Window
After a request to President Roosevelt by Interior
Secretary Ickes to promote the national parks during National Parks Year, the
U.S. Government issued a 7-cent "Acadia" stamp in October 1934. It
featured the Great Head promontory and mirrored Holy Innocents' window.
The scene from which the stamp was produced was
taken from a coastal ledge just west of Great Head, as shown in the March 2013 photograph below.*3
Louisa and Herbert Satterlee's daughter, Eleanor,
donated the Great Head and Sand Beach estate to Acadia National Park in 1949. A
memorial, attesting to this, is at the top of the parking lot steps to Sand
Postscript: Tiffany stained glass windows can be
seen on Mount Desert Island in Bar Harbor's St. Saviour's Church
(10 windows) and Hulls Cove's Church of Our Father (1 window).
1 Regarding the Morgan purchase, see my February 5,
2013 blog post "Great Head, Sand Beach and J. P. Morgan."
2 It was artists from the Hudson River School, like
Frederic Church and Thomas Cole, whose landscapes of Mount Desert Island in
the mid 1800s inspired influential people to visit, reside and ultimately
establish Acadia National Park.
3 GPS location from which the Great Head scene was
taken: N44° 19.616'W068° 10.514'
4 GPS location of memorial at Sand Beach steps: N44°